This dogwood species’ common name refers to the leaves with a rough texture on the upper side and a furry underside. The bright red fruits are often eaten by birds. Dogwood sawflies go through several stages of development, or instars, before they molt into adults. Dogwood bark: Stiff dogwood tree bark is brown to gray that exfoliates to reveal interesting patterns on the straight, slender trunks. So, if you have a dogwood tree growing in your backyard and you don’t know its species, you shouldn’t consume the drupes. Read this article on shrub identification of leaf, and get the different types of leaf anatomy for various shrubs. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. Ascochyta cornicola is a fungus that appears on dogwood foliage after unusually rainy springs, attacking new leaves as they emerge. Begin identifying your tree by … The Kousa dogwood tree is a small to medium flowering shade tree that produces multitudes of large white star-shaped flowers in spring. In the fall, the drupes mature to a bright red color. Flowering dogwood tree has clusters of greenish-yellow flowers surrounded by large, broad, rounded white petals which are actually bracts (modifies leaves). Fall leaf color on most sun grown plants will be red to maroon. Dogwood trees burst into life when they bloom in spring with clusters of flowers. Other dogwood types have larger and more open clusters of petals. The simple shrub leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on twigs. The small white flowers are grown in rounded clusters, and they give way to immature green fruits that turn white when ripened. Although the fruits look like large berries, they are drupes similar to cherries. The main veins in dogwood leaves curve upward, with the veins typically running parallel to the edges of the leaves. Dogwood leaves measure 2” to 4” (5 – 10 cm) long, and the elongated rounded form tapers to a point. Examples: Ash, Maple, and Olive. Required fields are marked *, Types of Fruit Trees With Pictures (Including Low Maintenance Self-Pollinating Varieties), Types of Redbud Trees: Eastern, Western, Chinese, and More (Pictures), Sycamore Trees: Leaves, Bark, Types - Identification Guide (Pictures), Maple Trees: Types, Leaves, Bark - Identification Guide (Pictures). Left to right: Fruits of Cornus mas, C. alba ‘Sibirica’, C. kousa, and C. sanguinea). The distinctive feature of this small dogwood is the pinkish-white flowers with pointed white petals (bracts). After flowering, small black drupes on red stalks appear. Dogwood bark: Flowering dogwood tree bark is dark brown or gray, growing in square patterns surrounded by deep ridges. In summer, the Kousa dogwood grows dense green foliage that turns bright red in the fall. One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. During autumn the leaves turn red-purple in color. The green leaves add charm and movement during the growing season and set a perfect backdrop for the bright flowerlike bracts. Some dogwood varieties have tiny yellowish-green inconspicuous flowers surrounded by large white petal-like bracts. Dogwood leaves: Bloodtwig dogwood leaves have distinctive curved veins in the ovate green leaves. The variegated giant dogwood tree is one of the most stunning dogwood trees for gardens. Pagoda dogwood – Cornus alternifolia ‘Argentea’ and Pagoda dogwood flowers. Notice the leaf shape and venation which help to identify this medium-sized tree. Leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on branches. When masses of flowers bloom during April and May, the dogwood is a stunning tree in backyards. At the same time as the fruits (drupes) develop during the summer months, Flowering dogwood grows new flower buds for next spring. The “berries” on dogwood trees attract birds and small mammals. After pollination, they produce a type of fruit known as a drupe. On these, the leaves grow in an alternate manner on the twigs. Many people rate flowering dogwoods as the most appealing of all the native North American flowering trees. Although they are classed as a small tree, most specimens grow as multi-stemmed shrubs. However, for now, let’s start building your identification muscles by looking at the easiest way to identify a particular broadleaf tree: by its leaves. Leaves may also have necrotic veins and leaf margins, and large necrotic blotches. As the eggs hatch, the larvae feed on foliage between July and September. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ leaves and flowers. A characteristic feature of this dogwood species is its flat, slightly rounded crown. Dogwood leaves: Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves grow up to 5” (12 cm) long in an oblong shape. Mature pagoda dogwoods have a flat-topped crown. Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. Most species of dogwood are fast-growing ornamental trees that are ideal for garden landscapes. Fragrant creamy-white flowers bloom in spring and summer. The ‘Lustgarten Weeping’ Kousa dogwood is a beautiful ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. leaf scorch of dogwood. Stiff dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub with multiple trunks. This tree’s visual appeal is its attractive smooth exfoliating bark growing in brown, tan, and gray patterns in winter. Their oval to heart-shaped leaves deepen to crimson and orange in fall. You can identify a dogwood by looking for smooth-edged leaves with veins that curve parallel to the margins (edges). Dogwood tree leaves are identified by their elongated oval shape, visible curving veins, and smooth edges. Trees should also be sprayed once in the fall after the leaves have changed color, but before leaf drop. Dogwood flowers are usually white, but can also be pink or yellow. Evergreen dogwood (Cornus capitata) tree and flowers. ‘Wolf Eyes’ dogwood is a small tree or multi stemmed shrub which is a smaller cultivar of the popular Cornus kousa tree. Cornus drummondii grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.6 – 7.6 m) tall. Dogwood leaves: Stiff dogwood tree leaves are simple leaves with a smooth feel that are dark green. Dogwood bark: Mountain dogwood tree bark is smooth and gray with patches of white. The roughleaf dogwood tree is a small flowering tree with dark green oblong, pointed leaves and white summer flower clusters. Most dogwood species have a rounded to flat crown that requires little—if any—pruning. The bracts may be pink or red depending on cultivar but the species color is white. After flowering, red inedible fruits appear. Other names for the Kousa dogwood tree are Japanese dogwood or Chinese dogwood. Flowering dogwood trees have a fast growth rate. Dogwood leaves: Roughleaf dogwood tree leaves have an oval shape with a rounded base and pointed tip. Flowering dogwood trees bloom from mid-March through May. Bark is dark gray to brown with thin, squarish plates. Dogwood bark looks scaly, and it peels easily. The major veins extend all the way to the leaf margin. The leaves grow opposite each other on the twigs on these types of dogwoods. Cornus kousa is a small deciduous tree 8–12 m (26–39 ft) tall, in the flowering plant family Cornaceae.Common names include kousa, kousa dogwood, Chinese dogwood, Korean dogwood, and Japanese dogwood. Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a … The flowering dogwood tree is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree growing between 10 and 30 ft. (5 – 10 m). Flowering dogwood is a beautiful shrub to small tree with a straggling, spreading crown. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. As with all species of dogwood, the leaves have smooth margins and a pointed tip. The pagoda dogwood is a large flowering multi-stemmed shrub or small tree. The horizontally-growing branches produce clusters of creamy-white flowers and large ovate shiny green leaves. Dogwood leaves: Kousa dogwood tree leaves are dark green and elliptic-ovate-shaped, growing up to 4” (10 cm) long and wide. Leaf Identification | Identify Trees by Their Leaves. The spread of the crown is usually more expansive than the tree is tall. Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a pointed tip. Dogwood leaves: Giant dogwood tree leaves are broad oval leaves up to 6” (15 cm) long. Also called red willow, redstem dogwood or red twig dogwood, red osier is a fast growing medium to large sized deciduous shrub that grows 5 – 13 ft. (1.5–4 m) tall and 10 – 16 ft. (3–5 m) wide. The dogwood bark has a distinct scaly appearance. Of the five types of trees from the dogwood family (Cornaceae) that have large distributions through portions of the United States, the red-osier dogwood has the largest range. Dogwood leaves: Evergreen dogwood leaves are dull green and may turn reddish in autumn. Dogwoods are beautiful flowering deciduous trees and shrubs with distinctive flowers, berries, bark, and leaves. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. Dogwoods grow up to 1 ft. (30 cm) a year and can reach their full height within ten years. Some species of tree produce pinkish or red petals, making the flowering tree even more attractive. One of the outstanding features of Cornus alba is its spectacular red winter bark. In spring, the Mountain dogwood is covered in white flowers, then in summer, dark green foliage, before turning spectacular orange and red color in the fall. Blight begins with small, brown-centered, gray spots that appear on leaf surfaces and distort leaf growth. Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. Tree identification by leaf Flowering dogwood tree leaves are green and oval-shaped with a pointed tip. Dogwood bark: Evergreen dogwood tree has brown-gray bark with shallow scales. Dogwood trees are small to medium-sized trees, growing between 10 and 25 ft. (3 – 7.6 m) tall. Scaly bark of flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). The flowers on roughleaf dogwoods don’t have the showy white bracts of some popular garden dogwoods. Leaves on giant dogwood stems grow in an alternate arrangement. The dogwood leaves are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 – 3.2 “(4–8 cm)  long. The fall leaf color is also strikingly beautiful. The pagoda dogwood grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.5 – 7.6 m) tall. However, the beautiful dogwood is also popular as a specimen tree in garden landscapes. The simple leaves grow oppositely on stems. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. Dogwood bark: The wedding cake tree has smooth greenish-gray bark with shallow grooves. Initial indications include tan spotting along the upper portion of the leaves. They add decorative touch to any garden. Dogwood leaves: Mountain dogwood tree leaves are large elongated oval, glossy green leaves with pronounced veins. A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. Mountain dogwood trees grow between 15 and 40 ft. (4.5 – 12 m) tall. Widely cultivated as an ornamental, it is naturalized in New … Dogwood leaves: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood leaves are variegated lance-shaped leaves with green centers and ivory-colored wavy margins. After flowering, evergreen dogwoods produce sweet, edible red berry-like fruits. The grayish bark peels off to reveal tan or orange patches underneath. It spreads quickly by underground runners, so make sure to remove them to control spread. Take a look, and enrich your knowledge. Bloodtwig dogwood grows in warm sunny locations and is native to Europe. Flowering dogwood trees are popular ornamental trees for residential garden landscapes. They also tend to grow in pairs on the stem. Missouri’s official state tree, it presents lovely boughs of white inflorescences in springtime forests. Bloodtwig dogwood shrubs grow between 7 and 20 ft. (2 – 6 m) tall. The Cornelian cherry dogwood species is a small flowering tree or medium to large deciduous shrub with tiny flowers, green oblong leaves, and red berries. All Viburnum species have opposite leaves A phraseopposite leaves. The one notable exception is the alternate-leaf dogwood tree. Also called common dogwood, bloodtwig dogwood is a large ornamental shrub with fiery colored twigs and stems. Powdery mildew is a disease which is common on many ornamental trees and shrubs, including dogwoods. ornamental tree with a drooping growth habit. Dogwood bark: New bark of gray dogwood is tan-brown that turns to gray as the twigs mature. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ red twigs in winter. Dogwood berries. Some dogwood types produce pink and yellow flowers. One leaf occurs at each node on the limb, rather than two emerging across from one another as in the other dogwood species. As the dogwood matures, the bark becomes scaly and flaky before developing into block-like patterns. The lengths of dogwood tree leaves have some variation between species. The alternate-leaf dogwood leaves change to reds and yellows. They typically have four petals ranging in color from white to pink, and they are found on the branches of the trees, near the leaves. This makes small dogwood trees or shrubs suitable for compact gardens or for growing as a lawn plant. Wedding cake tree (Cornus controversa ‘Variegata’). The dogwood leaves are ovate to oblong shape and grow opposite. Some leaves could develop necrosis with a weathered look to the outer edges. Most dogwood trees produce white flowers, however it can vary from species to species. Avid gardeners have an indepth knowledge about the flowering bushes, shrubs, and trees. Dogwood leaves turn beautiful reddish color in autumn. Leaves on this dogwood species grow in an alternate leaf arrangement. 'Elegantissima' red twig dogwood. The flowers of red osier dogwood are small and white and grow in clusters. Red twig dogwoods grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) high. Dogwood bark: Bloodtwig dogwoods are multi-stemmed shrubs with stiff branches covered with red-colored bark. Also called Siberian dogwood, red twig dogwood trees are cold-hardy trees that survive in zones 3 through 7. Clusters of tiny white flowers bloom in spring and summer before producing dark blue drupes. The symptoms first develop in the dogwood tree’s leaves. Here are some of the types of small dogwood trees or shrubs. Some spots may have a purple-colored rim to them. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Rough-leaf, alternate-leaf and red-osier dogwood leaves seldom exceed 2 inches in width; red-osier dogwood leaves can be as narrow as just 5/8ths of an inch. This multi-trunk, small flowering dogwood has a vase-shaped growth that gradually becomes rounded. Dogwood flowers have four parts. Also called the European cornel dogwood, Cornelian cherry dogwood grows between 16 and 40 ft. (5 – 12 m) tall. The ovate leaves are light green with creamy-white edges. Fall leaf color of Dogwood is more vivid in USDA hardiness zones: 5 through 8A. However, the dogwood blooms into life in later winter, producing clusters of yellow flowers before the leaves appear. Dogwoods are generally small to medium-sized flowering trees. Pacific dogwood has the widest leaves of the American dogwoods, with the typical leaf in the 1.5- to 3-inch wide range, according to “Trees of North America.” Flowering dogwood is next in terms of width, with some leaves 2.5 inches wide. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. To prevent a borer attack, plant your dogwood in shade, not direct sun, and provide adequate irrigation to avoid water stress. Some types of dogwoods look like shrubs as they are small shrubby multi-stemmed plants. From there they spread to the leaves, young shoots and then the fruits. Flowering multi-stemmed pagoda dogwood shrub or small tree, grows best in partial shade to full sun as long as the ground drains well and is kept moist. The red-osier dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood leaves fall between 1.5 and 3.5 inches long, with alternate-leaf dogwood slightly larger, some making it to lengths of 4.5 inches. The Cornus kousa ‘Greensleeves’ is a variegated variety of dogwood with bright yellow and green colors. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. The kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) is also known as the Japanese dogwood. A distinctive feature of the pagoda dogwood species is the layered horizontal branches with upturned tips. Yellow leaves on dogwood trees can be an early sign of an infection. By Leaf Structure: Simple and Compound Leaves Dogwood leaves: Red twig dogwood plant leaves are ovate to lanceolate with a rounded base and smooth margins. This is one of the dogwoods’ characteristics that give the tree appeal in a winter garden landscape. However, some species of dogwood have leaves that grow alternately. In the fall, dogwood leaves add to the charm of the tree by changing to bright colors. Synonyms are Benthamia kousa and Cynoxylon kousa. Dogwood Anthracnose is caused by the fungus officially known as Discula Destructiva, and it might be helpful if I describe some of the symptoms. Dogwood bark: Cornelian cherry dogwood bark is rough and scaly that peels to create orange and brown patterns. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, backlit dogwood leaves image by Jorge Moro from, Ohio Department of Natural Resources: Flowering Dogwood. On many varieties of dogwoods, the gray-brown bark has an unusual pattern resembling alligator skin. Dogwood bark: Roughleaf dogwood tree bark is smooth and grayish-brown on immature trees. The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. Dogwood leaves: Red osier dogwood leaves are dark green with paler dull green underside and are 2 – 4.7″ (5–12 cm) long. This can Lindell worked in greyhound racing for 25 years. Dogwood bark: Red osier dogwood twigs have bark with beautiful reddish color which adds a focal point during winter time. Dogwoods trees produce berry-like fruit in various colors, shapes and sizes. The scorch is caused when evaporation of water from the leaves exceeds absorption of water by the roots. This kind has stiff hairs present on the upper part of the leaf and softer ones beneath that give the underside a woolly texture. The small-medium tree grows between 15 and 30 ft. (4.5 – 10 m) tall. A phrase to help identify species with opposite leaves is MAD V: Maple, Ash, Dogwood, and Vibernum. Flowering dogwood trees are perennial species of woody plants belonging to the genus Cornus. Dogwood Tree Diseases Flower and Leaf Diseases Spot Anthracnose: This infection is caused by the fungus Elsinoe corni. All Rights Reserved. A typical dogwood leaf is oval and measures between 3 and 6 inches long. ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. Tree Identification Field Guide. Some dogwood species are particularly easy to identify during the spring, while their flowers are in bloom. Flowers may or may not feature large bracts like those of the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida). In spring, showy white flowers appear to create an eye-catching floral display. Leaf and flower blight Irregular, brown, wrinkled patches form on flower bracts and leaves in the spring. The fruit is a round attractive white berry, 0.2 – 0.35″ (5–9 mm) in size. Dogwood bark: Pagoda dogwood bark is brownish-gray and develops shallow vertical ridges as it matures. These dogwood leaves have a somewhat wrinkled look. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. Some … "National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees"; Elbert Little; 2008, "Trees of North America"; C. Frank Brockman; 1996. Identification & Lifecycle. Opposite leaves (whether simple or compound) are located directly across from one another on the same stem. Examples: Hawthorn, Sycamore, Oak, Sassafras, Mulberry, and Dogwood. The lime-green oblong-ovate leaves have prominent veins that stretch toward the pointed tips. The Pacific dogwood has the longest leaves, with the average leaf in the 4- to 6-inch-long range. In the fall, the attractive large leaves turn a golden yellow color. The first parts of the tree to be affected are the flower bracts (petals). Our illustrated, step-by-step process makes it easy to identify a tree simply by the kinds of leaves it produces. The flowers consist of four bracts below the small head of yellow flowers. Some species of dogwood trees have poisonous berry-like drupe, and some are edible. This dogwood shrub has dark green leaves that turn reddish-purple in autumn. Dogwood leaves: The wedding cake tree leaves are ovate-oblong with dark green centers surrounded by cream-colored margins. Wedding cake dogwood trees are smaller than the giant dogwood species tree and grow up to 25 ft. (8 m) tall. Flowering dogwoods thrive in USDA zones 5 through 9. Anthracnose Identification . To identify dogwood trees, look for their hard, grayish bark that looks like alligator skin. The petals can be more narrow than the one pictured, but would hardly be described as skinny. Let’s look in more detail at some of the best dogwood trees for growing in front or backyards. The single-stemmed tree has a slender trunk with a spreading rounded canopy of layered branches. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Bloodtwig dogwood (Cornus sanguinea ‘Midwinter Fire’). Kousa dogwood (C. kousa) and hybrids of kousa and native dogwood (C. florida) are resistant to anthracnose and decline and should be used to replace dying trees. The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. The first sign of infection can often be seen on the leaves, where you might see tan spots that develop purple rims. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) tree and flowers. The simple leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on reddish-colored or green stems. Roughleaf dogwood (Cornus drummondii) young tree (left), leaves and flowers (right). However, some varieties of dogwood have a relatively short or dwarf growing size, and some of them have shrubby growth habit. Dogwood leaves help to make the trees popular as ornamentals because of their colors. The exfoliating bark peels in places. Dogwood leaves are smooth above and below, except for the aptly named rough leaf-dogwood. Dogwood bark: Red twig dogwood plants have thin stems that become bright red in late fall and winter. Red twig dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub. Flowering dogwood trees are small to medium size trees. Some say that the leaves of roughleaf dogwood give off a sour milk scent. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. Leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges. In the meantime, however, a better option might be the Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), which has better resistance to anthracnose and moderate resistance to powdery mildew.Unlike C. florida, Kousa dogwood "flowers" after the leaves appear, so you don't get that fairyland burst of white that's so welcome on an early spring day. Don’t weed whack close to the base of the tree or otherwise wound its bark, since wounds provide an entryway for the borers. Dogwoods are elegant, beautiful ornamental trees with several seasonal displays. Cornelian cherry dogwood leaves, fruits and flowers, Young tree of mountain dogwood and flowers. The small- to medium-sized dogwood tree has a rounded crown that is attractive in all seasons. Dogwood leaves: Flowering dogwood tree leaves are oval-shaped with delicate noticeable veins. Flowering Dogwood Trees and Shrubs: Types, Leaves, Bark – Identification (With Pictures). Click on leaf images to enlarge. The flowering trees are typically single-trunk decorative trees with white spring flowers and green summer foliage that turn reddish-purple in the fall. New growth is covered with a fine, white, powdery coating, typically on the upper surfaces of the leaves. Gray dogwood typically grows 10 – 15 ft. (3 -4.5 m) tall, with similar spread. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. The “National Audubon Society Field Guide to Trees” says that dogwood leaves have no apparent teeth along their edges, but when you take a magnifying lens and make a much closer inspection, you will discover tiny serrations. Flowering dogwood trees thrive in full sun and provide year-long interest in residential gardens. Dogwood Identification. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. Red osier dogwood is a common ornamental multi-stemmed shrub that provides decorative element with its red twigs in the winter. Growing as a large shrub, Cornelian cherry dogwoods are ideal if you want to plant them as a flowering hedge plant or screen. The distinctive bark of dogwood trees makes these trees easy to identify. Bark on flowering dogwood trees is one of its distinctive identifying features. As a small tree or large shrub, the ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood grows up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. Sometimes recent tree trimming work can make it more difficult to use other identifiers, which further underscores the usefulness of the leaf. Leaf scorch is a common problem in dogwood tress, and a sign that your tree is under water stress. Flower heads reveal interesting patterns on the straight, slender trunks with pronounced veining stretching to the smooth edges in. Gray to brown with thin, squarish plates tree is under water.! And more open clusters of creamy-white flowers and large necrotic blotches bright yellow and green colors are! 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