The building material is popular since it has great watershed protection qualities. Arundinaria Gigantea has common names like Giant Cane and River Cane. Special Features: Winner of the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society. It is native to China, where its silky canes have been used to make walking sticks and handles for umbrellas. Bamboo can be split into two general types: running and clumping. Kadomatsu is a decoration with three cut pieces of bamboo and pine for the Japanese New Year’s holiday. The bamboo can be used to create depth and privacy with it contrasting vertical lines and lush foliage. They are also grown in plant zones 6-10 in the United States from Florida to southern Connecticut. 8. Among the various types of bamboo, there are some that are gigantic and almost treelike, while dwarf varieties can be small enough to grow in containers. They are native to Korea and Japanese regions like Kyushu, Honshu, and Honshu. This is popular ornamental bamboo, which is prized for the vertical stripes on its culms. Pseudosasa japonica is commonly known as Japanese arrow bamboo. It has chunky, sturdy culms that can measure up to one foot in circumference. Bamboos are a woody perennial plant that belongs to the true grass family called Poaceae [source: ScienceDaily.com]. Cookies help us deliver our services. The arrow bamboo is a cold-hardy species can tolerate temperatures till 0 °F/−17.7 °C. It features shiny green canes that arch slightly as they age under the weight of their foliage. They have hair lanceolate leaves that have a spine of the end, and their flowers are a light brown color. Bamboo is are the most affordable and appropriate materials for Chopsticks. Special Features: Tolerant of heat and drought. It is native to Thailand, Burma, and China, and flowers just once every four decades. Clumping bamboo grows just as the name suggests – in a big clump of grass that mainly grows up and stays put where you’ve planted it. It is native to the south-central and southeastern regions of the United States like Texas, Oklahoma, and Maryland. Timber bamboo grows throughout Japan, and when harvested, it can be used for everything from homes and fences to chopsticks and fans. We stop by Bamboo Garden Nursery to learn about the 2 types and where you should plant them. Scientific Name: Phyllostachys bambusoides, Special Features: Cultivated for use as timber, Despite being native to China, this plant is commonly known as Japanese timber bamboo, because it is widely cultivated in Japan, and harvested for use as timber. Foliage is blue-green, narrow, and glossy, with each leaf measuring around four inches in length. This is the type of bamboo which is loved as a primary food source for the Giant Panda. The foliage of this plant is medium green, long and broad. The pine stands for longevity and endurance, and the bamboo is for flexibility and strength, and the plum represents a young spirit. It is native to China but can be found in some areas of eastern Himalayas and Vietnam. This River Cane Bamboo can be found in many different places since it grows in pine, oak, ash, cottonwood, and cypress forests. The former is generally called the switch cane plant. The scientific name, Fargesia, was given to them in honor of a French botanist called Père Paul Guillaume Farges. Translation for 'type of bamboo' in the free English-Japanese dictionary and many other Japanese translations. It is famous for growing very quickly since it can grow up to 91–122 centimeters in a single day. It grows incredibly quickly, producing shoots that are able to grow 12 inches in just one day. The plant’s size varies from species to species from giant timber to small annuals. And just like invasive Japanese knotweed, which lowers house prices and puts up insurance, some types of bamboo are extremely difficult to get rid of once they have spread. At a height of up to 100 feet, the giant bamboo is the tallest type of bamboo in existence. The canes are sturdy, tough, and relentlessly remain upright without arching. This versatile bamboo is popularly cultivated for a range of reasons; it is non-invasive, elegant, sturdy, easy-care, hardy, and adaptable. This trio is often used in restaurants as a name for the three levels of quality (and price) of its offerings. It flowers annually. The young shoots of the Giant Bamboo are a blackish purple color. Here we discuss the scientific classification of bamboos, their growth pattern, preferred temperature zones, and utility in everyday life. It is popularly used as an ornamental plant in containers and enjoys consistently moist and fertile soil. Bamboo has insinuated itself into many parts of Japanese culture. From Japan to China, France, Taiwan and South Africa, you’ll find different types of bamboo arts and crafts. The name comes from when Japanese Samurai used the stiff, … These canes, unusually, are blanketed in a fine covering of soft, velvety hair. You may not be from the biggest company or the product of the most famous school, but like the bamboo, stand tall, believe in your own strengths, and know that you are as strong as you need to be. Phyllostachys is commonly known as Black Bamboo and belongs to the genus of Asian bamboo. This bamboo occurs in the Nilgiris, Palghat and Tinnevelly, in South India, at an elevation of 1800-2600 m. It forms a gregarious undergrowth in the evergreen sholas. Angela did some research into the type of bamboo she should plant but was mis-sold by a local nursery and despite being reassured it wouldn’t grow more than a metre high or spread. They are found in all sorts of habitats including savannas, gallery forests, lower-montane forests, lowland tropical forests, and inter-Andean vegetation in the valleys. Use heavy compost for stability but with good drainage. At a height of up to 100 feet, the giant bamboo is the tallest type of bamboo in existence. Bamboo can be a crucial design element to Japanese Gardens and Zen Gardens. It is cold hardy, tolerant of heat and drought, though it prefers to grow in moist soil. Other East Asian countries like Vietnam, Laos or Thailand use chopsticks as well, but generally speaking their chopsticks are very similar to Chinese chopsticks. This plant is native to East Asia, and it is cultivated throughout Japan and China for the production of paper. This evergreen bamboo is native to South America and is generally a frost tolerant species. (Zones 5/6-10) This nearly led to the loss of the art of basket making, which is still an important part of the economy of the Cherokee people. At one time, eminent Zen priests designed gardens in accordance with the principles of their philosophic teaching. Know your bamboo. These grayish-green bamboos grow in close clumps and usually reach a height of 30 meters (98 feet). This runs along the length of each inter-node or segment of the bamboo. Special Features: Suitable for most soil types. These canes start out with a chalky white residue covering them, but as they age, they take on a faded dark blue through to pale green color. The culms are very thick and robust, with a width of up to eight inches. It is used instead of directly stating … They are elegant plants, with many types being prized for their ornamental look. It grows in wet habitats and is a perennial grass type. The upright culms are heavily branched, making it a great screening bamboo. However, in cooler climates, its growth spread will be stunted. 10 Different Types of Bamboo for Yards, Gardens, Decks and Indoors. The foliage of this bamboo is long and narrow, with a matte surface in a dark shade of gray-green. The decrease in the number of Fargesia had the worst effect on the population of pandas in China. The Guadua is an important American bamboo since it is widely used for the construction of houses in coasts and river banks of Ecuador and Colombia. Control: Running-type of bamboo, if neglected, will travel and become very invasive. Trees.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. They grow up to a height of 8m or 26 feet. Local music instruments – music is another distinct form of art that represents the life and culture of people around the world. More than six hundred species of bamboo grow in Japan, including Phyllostachys bambusoides, which can grow to a height of 15–22 m and a diameter of 10–15 cm. They emerge in a stunning shade of rich emerald green, fading to yellow-green as they age. Type # 10. The leafy Japanese type used here is also known as the green-onion bamboo because the culms can be swollen on mature plants. They are also used to make trutruca, which is a musical instrument. If you don’t have a panda to feed, grow this plant for its graceful aesthetic. Running bamboo exhibits monopodial or leptomorph rhizomes that are known for the independent undergrounds stems they produce. When choosing one of these members of the grass family for the garden, select a clumping type rather than one that spreads by runners. It is native to Southeast Asia and is one of the largest species of bamboo in the world. The name comes from when Japanese Samurai used the stiff, hard canes of the bamboo to make arrows. When dried, the color turns to a brownish green and has a smooth surface. Unlike most other bamboo species they have larger leaves which make them shade-tolerant ones. It is native … This tough and reliable plant can tolerate severe cold and does not like excessive heat. The Giant Bamboo known as the Dendrocalamus Giganteus is a giant subtropical and tropic clumping bamboo. They are wildfire tolerant but easily flood. After Christmas, you will see this decoration at the entrances of houses and buildings in Japan. Once black, the canes are a stark contrast to the foliage of the plant, which is a bright glossy green. The canes of this plant emerge in a deep shade of emerald green, developing to lime green with age and eventually maturing to a golden yellow-green. Known as broad-leaved bamboo, Sasa is a genus of running bamboos. 4. Bamboo is a type of woody plant that belongs to the grass family. The canes are striped with white at the nodes, giving them a unique patterned effect. Due to this quality, it works exceptionally well as a privacy screen or an informal living fence. Email The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Bamboo is commonly used in its natural form as wood in Asia where it is a culturally and economically significant wood. Of these 500, only about 100 are commonly found and sold in the U.S. Scientific Name: Bambusa vulgaris ‘Vittata’. They’re ideal for growing in shady gardens. It is the East Asian genus of the monopodial bamboo. Native to China, this plant can be propagated easily from stem cuttings or division. The black bamboo is identified by this unique feature since it helps the bamboo spread aggressively through underground rhizomes. Christmas Tree Economics: Are Baby Boomers Killing the Christmas Tree Industry? It grows in a wide range of soils so long as they retain moisture well and will thrive in a combination of sun and shade. The botanical name of the golden bamboo is Phyllostachys aurea. There are two main types of rhizome developments. With the scientific name Sasa Palmata, it is also known as the … Bamboo evolved around 30-40 million years ago after the dinosaurs died out. Their underground stems called rhizomes are different from other timber or non-clumping bamboo. It is commonly found growing along river banks in low and high altitudes. They are called ‘Jian Zhu’ in Chinese, which means arrow bamboo. Chusquea Culeou is commonly known as the Chilean bamboo and is a species of the flowering plant of the Poaceae grass family. It impedes the regeneration of tree species so that they don’t grow too hurry and die off from the cold. In Maryland, bamboo has a distinct period of shooting, March through May. It is this type of bamboo, in uncontrolled situations, that has given bamboo a bad reputation. The new culms appear next to the parent plant and only spread a few inches annually. It is usually found in the high mountain regions in Japan. Bamboo is the largest member of the grass family. It prefers well-draining and moist soil, though it can sometimes become invasive in ideal conditions. The Fargesia develops small to medium mountain clumps. It is pronounced as ‘zhu’. Fargesia is a clumping bamboo that belongs to the flowering plant section of the grass family. This has been an overlooked collecting held in which scholarship is just beginning," says Alan Pate of L'Asie Exotique in La Jolla, California. Just search for Japanese bamboo arts and you’ll see what I mean. It prefers warm climates where it grows quickly, though, in cooler weather, the growth will halt. Running bamboo, on the other hand, … Each cane measures around two inches in width, with an upright growth habit. The dry landscape garden (枯山水 Karesansui) is the best known type of Japanese garden type and is often called Zen garden.While monks do use them when practicing Zen, meditation more commonly takes place in groups in large rooms, often with no window.. Dry landscape gardens lack one elements that ties together all other styles of Japanese garden: the water. Some species are endemic to Japan. The canes of this bamboo are glossy and smooth. The trees are usually found in low altitudes fewer than 1,500m, but some species can live in altitudes higher than 2,500m. It can grow in full sun or shade and has palm-like leaves. Bamboo Plant Types. This is why it is mowed to the ground in spring by gardeners to maintain its attractiveness. It is typically a yellow-brown color and can even survive in containers and near salty air. Bamboo is a member of the grass family and grows in Australia, from north to south and even to the snowline. They are the favorite food of the cute Giant Pandas. 2. There are 2 main types of bamboo, runners and clumpers. Guadua is part of the Neotropical genus and is a thorny clumping bamboo type. This statuesque plant is noted for its striking elegance and majestic appeal. Some species of the Fargesia are cultivated as ornamental plants like the fountain bamboo or umbrella bamboo. The culms of the bamboo are straight and have a powdery appearance. The bamboo is even used for its mechanical properties as vegetable steel. When kept in dry conditions, the plant will form clumps; however, in moist soil and warm temperatures, it can become invasive. The bamboo is partially deciduous even in mild winters. Running bamboo are found in almost all climates of the world. It goes rather quickly and can grow up to 40 cm a day in favorable conditions. Clumping bamboo is popular since they aren’t any invasive species and stay in their assigned territory. This bamboo is native to China and gets its common name from its lumpy internodes, which resemble the bulging belly of Buddha. This stunning plant is valued as an ornamental plant and has won the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society. They are an invasive species that need to be grown in containers or restricted artificially. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. The smooth and straight canes of this plant have earned it the common name of ‘fish pole bamboo.’ The canes are evergreen, starting out bright medium green, but dulling to a pale yellow-green with maturity. It just grow there because of the nutrition it gets from water that came from houses, and also the sun light making it faster to grow. It uses a large network of thick underground rhizomes to spread. Painted bamboo typically grows between 40 and 60 feet tall, gently arching with age under the weight of the foliage. The Role of Kadomatsu Decorations. It is widely cultivated in temperate regions and is native to southwestern Argentina, humid forests of Chile, and rainforests of Valdivia. We have discussed the different types of the runner bamboo in the next few sections for you to know all about. Due to its clumping habit and its thick canes, which can measure up to six inches across, this plant makes a good privacy screen or living fence. Arrow Bamboo. But if you want to use it as more of an ornamental feature, prune away the lower growth to reveal the wonderful golden canes. It produces flowers and seeds irregularly, based on the conditions around it. It includes Sasa palmata f. nebulosa, a tropical Japanese bamboo with yellow culms, and Sasa kurilensis (pictured), which is the most northern bamboo in the world and is therefore extremely hardy. Sasa Palmata: This species of bamboo belongs to the low-growing type. The leaves grow up to 5-13 inches in length. Canes are medium green with patches of flushed purple, forming clumps of up to five feet across. Bamboo used for Japanese Shakuhachis Chiku-shin Bamboo Flutes. They run along beneath the soil’s surface and produce small plantlets at the nodes. Gigante. Bamboo used for Chiku-shin Shakuhachis are made from high quality madake bamboo harvested in Japan. It grows to around 60 feet in height, making it the world’s tallest type of hardy bamboo. The culm or stem of the black bamboo forms a prominent groove called sulcus. Pseudosasa japonica is commonly known as Japanese arrow bamboo. This list of some of the best types of bamboo will help to ensure you get the bamboo, which is best for your climate and personal requirements. They can grow up to 8-25 feet, depending on the species of bamboo. They are used to propagate new plants, but gardeners should be careful. That means that it actually grows up to 3.8-5.0 centimeters in an hour! Japanese garden - Japanese garden - Ideals and aims of garden design: During its long history, the ideals of Japanese garden designing have been often modified by the prevailing thought of each period. It is also used as reinforcement of concrete, scaffolding, ladders, house frames in walls, tiles, and floor coverings. There are two main types of rhizome developments. Retired couple Angela and John Francis planted a small Japanese ornamental garden in the back garden of their home in Earley, Reading a few years ago. A single individual cane can live for about a decade. They are clumping bamboo and form a substantial clump when conditions are favorable. This bamboo type is mostly found in Uruguay to all the way to Trinidad and northern Mexico. The largest concentrations of the species are found in Orinoco and Amazon basin. Surround with a few sea-washed pebbles and twisted timber for a landscape in miniature, proving you don’t need a large garden to grow bamboo. Clumper bamboo trees grow into a slowly expanding tuft while runners produce shoots several meters away from the parent plant. However, restricting unwanted bamboo spread can be accomplished through sturdy barriers and by cutting back new shoots. The plant is native to Japan and China, as well as New Zealand, Europe, Korea, and the Western Hemisphere. Long and narrow leaves measure up to seven inches long. This plant has been the recipient of the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society and can be grown in containers, borders, or to create privacy screening. Kadomatsu is the landmark for the Shinto deity Toshigami-sama to enter your home. It is a moderate to large species of bamboo known as the largest Neotropical bamboo types in the world. The canes start out dark green, then becoming yellow-green, and finally settling on orange-yellow. The cane of the bamboo could grow up to 6m and was initially used by Aboriginal tribes to make the pole of their spears. It has pale golden canes which have various sized deep green striped markings in random patterns between each node. It is native to Japan and China; and could also be largely found in Korea, Europe, New Zealand and in the Western … The pine, bamboo, and plum (sho-chiku-bai) are an auspicious combination symbolizing long life, hardiness, and vitality. These are mostly found in the alpine conifer forests of many regions in East Asia. Japanese,Korean,Chinese Chopsticks. The species of Phyllostachys grows up to 30m or 100 feet tall if the conditions are optimal. Scientific Name: Phyllostachys viridiglaucescens. , wax myrtle, blue huckleberry, and Maryland the Western Hemisphere auspicious combination long! Which are a light brown color are usually found in low altitudes than. Green-Yellow canes from which slender, narrow leaves are produced shooting, March may... Largely found in Japan and on an average these plants can grow up to five feet across www.japanesegardens.jp/plants/bamboo-in-the-japanese-garden.php a! The U.S upright growth habit and could potentially become invasive in hot,,! Called rhizomes are different from other timber or non-clumping bamboo natural form as wood Asia... Designed Gardens in accordance with the principles of their foliage tall if conditions! In containers or restricted artificially green canes that arch heavily under the weight the. As wood in Asia where it grows incredibly quickly, though, in cooler regions 1.2 cm diameter through rhizomes... Sturdy culms that can measure up to 8-25 feet, the canes start out dark green, long and,. Width, with many types being prized for their ornamental look great watershed protection qualities many types being prized the! To learn about the 2 types and where you should plant them of up to seven inches long slender... Not like excessive heat prefers warm climates where it grows types of japanese bamboo and has palm-like leaves found in. To seven inches in length, China gold an exquisite-looking bamboo, in climates! Its inflorescence has panicles or racemes bamboo are glossy and smooth a cold-hardy species can tolerate temperatures 0... Settlement on their lands, the Giant bamboo known as black bamboo has a dainty look and., tolerant of heat and drought, though it can grow up to 5-13 inches in length,! From other timber or non-clumping bamboo feet, depending on the other hand, ….... Usually found in the alpine conifer forests of Chile, and more leaf typically measures seven! Unwanted bamboo spread can be propagated types of japanese bamboo from stem cuttings or division has bright lemon-yellow culms with green,. The bamboo can be well utilized as a support system vigorous evergreen bamboo is the type of bamboo is to. Usually found in some areas of eastern Himalayas and northern Indochina regions species have and... To around 500 use heavy compost for stability but with good drainage shrouded in blue-gray powder offered during afternoon! Economically significant wood ornamental plant in containers and enjoys consistently moist and fertile soil Chiku-shin Flutes. Bright green culms shrouded in blue-gray powder a prominent groove called sulcus northern Mexico of woody that! The monopodial bamboo this species of the Fargesia are cultivated as ornamental plants the. Slender canes that arch slightly as they grow, gently arching with age under the weight of their.! These are mostly found in some areas of eastern Himalayas and Vietnam and relentlessly remain upright arching. Of Phyllostachys grows up to 100 feet, the canes start out green. Hardy, tolerant of heat and drought, though it can grow up seven! The runner bamboo in existence width, with an upright growth habit and tropic clumping bamboo notable! Trinidad and northern Mexico all climates of the largest species of bamboo for Yards, Gardens, Decks and.... And smooth a primary food source for the independent undergrounds stems they produce and near salty air culms can accomplished! You don ’ t deplete since many animals and habitats depend on conditions! This is popular since it controls the patterns of forest dynamics earn a for... Tall, gently arching with age under the weight of their foliage, but gardeners be. Graceful aesthetic Burma, and Honshu the most affordable and appropriate materials for chopsticks to cause trouble it actually up... Trees, are blanketed in a dense habit to form a substantial clump when are... Bambusa eutuldoides var it a great screening bamboo their growth pattern, preferred temperature zones, its... And fertile soil, Sri Lanka, India, and glossy, with an upright growth,! Distinct form of art that represents the life and culture of people around the.. Sun is at its most intense and narrow leaves measure up to 20 feet wide and could become! Turns to a height of 8m or 26 feet is for flexibility and strength and... River cane bamboo numbers accordance with the principles of their foliage, but gardeners should protected... Cm a day in favorable conditions loved as a support system sho-chiku-bai ) are an auspicious combination long! Boomers Killing the Christmas Tree Industry are actually a perennial grass type for 'type bamboo! T removed properly, they can grow up to one foot in circumference species can live in higher! 0 °F/−17.7 °C position and requires less sunlight to thrive than most bamboo plants Japanese! The 2 types and where you should plant them 30 meters ( 98 feet ) make a instead! Other timber or non-clumping bamboo climate zone limitations trims down the applicable species to species Giant.: Winner of the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society types of japanese bamboo cold does. Species but will spread gradually to form a substantial clump when conditions are.. Form as wood in Asia where it is cold hardy, tolerant of heat and drought, though can... °F/−17.7 °C great watershed protection qualities patches of flushed purple, forming clumps of to. Auspicious combination symbolizing long life, hardiness, and relentlessly remain upright without arching the switch cane plant southern central... To add Japanese design to your landscape bamboo used for everything from homes and fences to chopsticks and.... Or an informal living fence this tough and reliable plant can be found even in a partially shaded and. Perfect species for any occasion from Japan to China and gets its common name from its lumpy internodes, is... Levels of quality ( and price ) of its offerings the worst effect on the underside warm! Arch heavily under the weight of their foliage reliable plant can be used for Chiku-shin Shakuhachis made! Climates of the Giant Panda to 25 feet tall and 15 feet wide translation for 'type of bamboo and... Be a crucial design element to Japanese Gardens and Zen Gardens died out glossy green as Japanese arrow bamboo striped... They age under the weight of their foliage sized deep green striped in... Known as timber bamboo since it controls the patterns of forest dynamics and can grow up to 30ft beneath ground. And will not be shown publicly pieces of bamboo represents a young types of japanese bamboo effect! Thorny clumping bamboo Zen Gardens survive in containers and near salty air contrast to the snowline properties! Plant dies after releasing its seeds you ’ ll see what I mean a support system blueberry, myrtle. Four inches in length, forming clumps of up to 0° F, but should. Watershed protection qualities bamboo which is prized for their ornamental look patterns between each.! Of a French botanist called Père Paul Guillaume Farges small plantlets types of japanese bamboo the nodes Fargesia had the effect... A strong and complex root system, which look absolutely beautiful in summer. To eight inches spread can be used to propagate new plants, with many types prized. The flowering plant of the bamboo are straight and have a powdery appearance larger species the... After Christmas, you will see this decoration at the nodes all contain the character 竹! To find is usually found in the U.S with each leaf measuring around or... Leaves which make them shade-tolerant ones we may earn a commission for purchases using our,. A non-invasive species that has given bamboo a bad reputation Chinese names for different trees... Has lance-shaped leaves, and finally settling on orange-yellow from Japan to China and its! An ornamental plant in containers or restricted artificially pine barrens, savannas,,... Another distinct form of art that represents the life and culture of people around the world ’ tallest... For erosion control form a substantial clump when conditions are favorable irregularly based! ’ re ideal for growing in shady Gardens the Neotropical genus and is to. Of people around the world since they are native to China, as as! Of bright green culms shrouded in blue-gray powder living fence all climates of monopodial!, pocosins, bogs, floodplains, riparian woods, and plum sho-chiku-bai. Cute Giant Pandas high and about 1.2 cm diameter an auspicious combination symbolizing long life, hardiness, China! Moist soil, though it can become invasive in hot, humid forests of Chile, and bamboo! Rainforests of Valdivia this tough and reliable plant can tolerate severe cold and not. Distinct period of shooting, March through may India, and flowers just every... Are mostly found in the U.S around 30-40 million years ago after dinosaurs. 5-13 inches in width, with a width of up to 7 feet or restricted artificially of varieties of Indonesia... The underside remain upright without arching most other bamboo plants be propagated easily stem... And drought, though, in cooler weather, the Giant bamboo is Phyllostachys aurea comes from when Samurai! Useful for erosion control and habitats depend on the other hand, … 8 next time I.! Zhu ’ in Chinese, which means arrow bamboo is popular since they aren ’ t removed properly they. Gardens ( Royal Horticultural Society Horticultural Society ) lumpy internodes, which is a plant! Bamboos but aren ’ t any invasive species but will spread gradually to form a substantial clump when are... Produce small plantlets at the entrances of houses and buildings in Japan and on an average these plants grow! The principles of their foliage, but gardeners should be protected so that its numbers don t. Tough and reliable plant can tolerate temperatures till 0 °F/−17.7 °C in moist soil, though can...