Implemented programs can use this knowledge to help survivors focus on the positive effects, possibly working with families to help them get through the disaster with the people they feel closest with. Approximately 450 fully serviced mobile homes would be located on sites across the city including Canterbury Agricultural Park and Riccarton Racecourse. [33] Geologists reported liquefaction was worse than the 2010 earthquake.[16]. Top: Divergent [260] People who exhibit lower mental health prior to the trauma don't adapt as well following trauma, and show higher levels of PTSD. The earthquake in February 2011 occurred at 12:51 p.m. and just 10 kilometers (6 miles) … Prospective predictors of short-term adjustment after the Canterbury earthquakes: Personality and depression. [29] Land movement was varied around the area horizontally—in both east and west directions—and vertically; the Port Hills were raised by 40 cm. [178], Sixty-six Japanese USAR members and three specialist search and rescue dogs arrived in Christchurch within two days of the February earthquake. "[119] It was only the second time that New Zealand had declared a national civil defence emergency; the first occasion was the 1951 waterfront dispute. As per the protocols of New Zealand's Coordinated Incident Management System, the Civil Defence Emergency Management Act, and the National Civil Defence Emergency Management Plan and Guide, Civil Defence Emergency Management became lead agency—with the Director of the Ministry of Civil Defence & Emergency Management John Hamilton as National Controller. [163], On the day of the earthquake, Prime Minister John Key said that 22 February, "...may well be New Zealand's darkest day",[164] and Mayor of Christchurch Bob Parker warned that New Zealanders are "going to be presented with statistics that are going to be bleak". The cancellation required an amendment to the Statistics Act 1975, which legally requires a census to be taken every five years. [153], The army also operated desalination plants to provide water to the eastern suburbs. [87] Concrete block construction fared badly, leaving many modern iconic buildings damaged. A second team of 70 from Queensland, Queensland Task Force 1, (including three sniffer dogs),was sent the following day on board a RAAF C-17 . [184], The Queen said she was "utterly shocked" and her "thoughts were with all those affected". (2015). Rescue efforts continued for over a week, then shifted into recovery mode. [133] They were aided by DVI teams from Australia, UK, Thailand[134] Taiwan and Israel.[133]. Was it a Conservative plate boundary? This is a difficult topic to research because fixing the physical damage from a disaster is usually the first step a city takes towards recovery. The June 2011 Christchurch earthquake was a shallow magnitude 6.0 M w earthquake that occurred on 13 June 2011 at 14:20 NZST (02:20 UTC).It was … The red devil in Christchurch. [230] AMI Stadium was going to host the rugby league ANZAC Test, however, on 4 March it was announced the match would be moved to Skilled Park on the Gold Coast. Official visitation teams were organised by Civil Defence and there were engineers or assessors from EQC. State of national emergency. [7] Due to the injuries sustained some bodies remained unidentified. [173], Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard offered Australia's assistance. [258][262] Those with relatively high exposure to earthquake damage show an increase in positive effects, including an increase in personal strength, growth in social relationships, the bringing of families closer, and realizing what's important in life. The city of Christchurch experienced a major earthquake centred south of the city; severe damage and casualties occurred. It also covers land damage within 8 metres of a home; this coverage is uncapped. 3 000 buildings in total were inspected, of that total 45% were deemed unsafe and were given a yellow or red sticker. The number of international guest nights had declined by just 6% after the September earthquake, but fell by a further third following the February earthquake. Central Business District (CBD) then and now.Song: In the House, In a Heartbeat - John Murphy Some residents went several days without official contact, so neighbours were encouraged to attend to those around them. [178], China gave US$500,000 to the earthquake appeal, and Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao expressed his deep condolences to New Zealand. [137] The United States sent Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, a 74-member heavy rescue team consisting of firefighters and paramedics from the Los Angeles County Fire Department, doctors, engineers and 26 tons of pre-packaged rescue equipment. [45], Road and bridge damage occurred and hampered rescue efforts. The Commission examined issues with specific reference to the Canterbury Television (CTV), Pyne Gould Corporation (PGC), Forsyth Barr and Hotel Grand Chancellor buildings. [219] The plans were confirmed in February 2013, with seven schools closing, 10 schools merging into five (not including the overturned Phillipstown-Woolston merger), and three high schools taking on additional year levels. [31][failed verification] The vertical acceleration was far greater than the horizontal acceleration. [142] Taiwan sent a 22-member team from the National Fire Agency, along with two tons of specialist search and rescue equipment. ... We will be doing everything we can to work with our New Zealand family, with Prime Minister Key and his emergency services personnel, his military officers, his medical people, his search and rescue teams. The 6.3-magnitude earthquake may have been an aftershock of the 7.1-magnitude 4 September 2010 Canterbury earthquake. Drone assesses Christchurch Cathedral earthquake damage Posted on: July 7, 2016 2:10 PM A still image from a video producced by a drone camera inside New Zealand’s Christchurch Cathedral showing damaged caused by the February 2011 earthquake. At 12.51 p.m. on Tuesday 22 February 2011, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake caused severe damage in Christchurch and Lyttelton, killing 185 people and injuring several thousand. [84][85][86], Several other churches were seriously damaged, including: Knox Presbyterian Church, St Luke's Anglican Church, Durham Street Methodist Church, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, Oxford Terrace Baptist Church, Holy Trinity Avonside and Holy Trinity, Lyttelton. Significant liquefaction affected the eastern suburbs, producing around 400,000 tonnes of silt. On 23 February, Hotel Grand Chancellor, Christchurch's tallest hotel, was reported to be on the verge of collapse. "[19], While both the 2010 and 2011 earthquakes occurred on "blind" or unknown faults, New Zealand's Earthquake Commission had, in a 1991 report, predicted moderate earthquakes in Canterbury with the likelihood of associated liquefaction. [170] Portable shower units were also established in the eastern suburbs. An additional 28 people were killed in various places across the city centre, and twelve were killed in suburban Christchurch. [174] The army provided desalination plants, and bottled supplies were sent in by volunteers and companies. The department responded to the situation by activating their crisis plan, forming 20 trauma teams. Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. They took into account a technical investigation undertaken by the Department of Building and Housing. It was about 5 km underground. The BBC's Jonathan Amos looks at what caused the Christchurch earthquake and why it did more damage than last year's more powerful quake. [91] Two people died on local walking tracks after being hit by rockfalls. The 2011 Chrischurch earthquake was caused by movement of the Oceanic Plate and the Antarctic Plate. [256][257][258][259][260][261][262] Clinical interviews are difficult because of the widespread damage to infrastructure and roads, which leads to reliance on self-report. The damage in Christchurch was far more substantial than the damage caused in the 7.1 earthquake only 5 months before. Christchurch being New Zealand’s second most populated city, there were many casualties caused by the earthquake. [7] In each of these cases the buildings that collapsed were known to have been appreciably damaged in the September 2010 earthquake but the local authority had permitted the building to be re-occupied (CTV and PGC buildings) or protective barriers adjacent to them moved closer to areas at risk of falling debris (Colombo Street). [141] The United Kingdom sent a 53 strong search and rescue team including nine Welsh firefighters who had assisted the rescue effort during the 2010 Haiti earthquake. A decision was made to remove the dome because the supporting structure was weakened. He said Australia would send counsellors over and a disaster medical assistance team comprising 23 emergency and surgical personnel. [103], The quake was felt as far north as Tauranga[104] and as far south as Invercargill, where the 111 emergency network was rendered out of service. [182], Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations, issued a statement on behalf of the UN expressing his "deep sadness" and stressed the "readiness of the United Nations to contribute to its efforts in any way needed". New Zealand is on the edge of a tectonic plate and is prone to earthquakes, same as Japan & California. Christchurch earthquake: hunt for survivors begins This article is more than 9 years old Dozens dead and many feared trapped, as rescuers in New … In the case of the Christchurch earthquakes, liquefaction and damage to buildings occurred. Impact of a major disaster on the mental health of a well-studied cohort. [132] Alongside regular duties, the police provided security cordons, organised evacuations, supported search and rescue teams, missing persons and family liaison, and organised media briefings and tours of the affected areas. That would make it the third most costly earthquake event in history, after the 2011 Japan and 1994 California earthquakes. [28] Although the rupture was subsurface, satellite images indicated that the net displacement of the land south of the fault was 50 cm westwards and upwards; the land movement would have been greater during the earthquake. The 2011 Chrischurch earthquake was caused by movement of the Oceanic Plate and the Antarctic Plate. Because it has been found that different demographics are affected differently,[256] this also needs to be taken into account when finding solutions to aid recovery. Once the composite Christchurch Coordination Centre was established on 23 February the CDEM Group Controllers and ECC personnel relocated to the City Art Gallery to supplement the management personnel available to the National Controller. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. (2015). What caused the quake? [99], In contrast to the September 2010 earthquake, Redcliffs and the surrounding hills suffered severe damage. [216][217] Avonside Girls' High School returned to its original site at the start of 2012. The Transforming boundary was involved in the Christchurch earthquakes. As a comparison, the March 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan is estimated to have caused damage equivalent to around 3 to 4 percent of Japan’s annual GDP. [30], The earthquake was a "strike-slip event with oblique motion" which caused mostly horizontal movement with some vertical movement,[16] with reverse thrust causing upwards vertical movement. [162] Electricity distribution operator Orion later stated the power outages caused by the earthquake added to 3261 SAIDI minutes, or equivalent to the entire city being without power for 54 hours and 21 minutes. [55] As of February 2015, there had been 1240 demolitions within the four avenues since the September 2010 earthquakes. [12] It is also possible that "seismic lensing" contributed to the ground effect, with the seismic waves rebounding off the hard basalt of the Port Hills back into the city. Limbs had to be amputated and some people suffered partial or full paralysis. On the 22nd of February 2011, 12:51 pm a catastrophic earthquake hit Christchurch, New Zealand. The population loss caused by the earthquake reversed this, with the Wellington main urban area back in second position. [176], The UN and the European Union offered assistance. [57] On 23 February police decided that the damage was not survivable, and rescue efforts at the building were suspended. It was followed by a large aftershock on 13 June (which caused considerable additional damage) and a series of large shocks on 23 December 2011. The principal event, sometimes referred to as the Darfield earthquake, struck at 4:35 am on September 4, 2010. These areas were placed into a residential red zone. [56], The six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) building collapsed in the earthquake, leaving only its lift shaft standing, which caught fire. What was the cost of the earthquake? [226] The Crusaders' first two home matches of the season, originally to be played in Christchurch, were moved to Trafalgar Park in Nelson. CDEM were supported by local authorities, New Zealand Police, Fire Service, Defence Force and many other agencies and organisations. [247][248], Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee echoed that fewer claims were expected through the EQC than for 2010. View a summary of the effects of the Christchurch earthquake which occurred on Tuesday 22 February, 2011. One result of this readjustment was a damaging aftershock (magnitude 6.3) on 22 February 2011, when a fault ruptured very close to Christchurch. The commission was chaired by High Court judge Justice Mark Cooper with support from two other Commissioners, engineers Sir Ron Carter and Professor Richard Fenwick. 2011 Christchurch Earthquake MIHOP: Another Manmade Catastrophe Caused By The USual Suspects Who Knew It Was Coming And Why? [14][15] The peak ground acceleration (PGA) was extremely high, and simultaneous vertical and horizontal ground movement was "almost impossible" for buildings to survive intact. This meant most secondary schools in the city had closed early that day and most students had returned home before the earthquake hit, by coincidence limiting potential casualties. A tremor of 5.7 on the Richter scale was felt at 1 pm, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 08:05. Canterbury earthquake of 4 September 2010, List of tallest buildings in Christchurch, St Paul's-Trinity-Pacific Presbyterian Church, International Charter on Space and Major Disasters, Urban Search and Rescue California Task Force 2, Canterbury Earthquake Commemoration Day Act 2011, The Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission, UC CEISMIC Canterbury Earthquakes Digital Archive, List of disasters in New Zealand by death toll, "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Technical", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Story", "Ice breaks off glacier after Christchurch quake", "List of deceased – Christchurch earthquake", "M 6.2 Christchurch Tue, Feb 22 2011: Details", "M 6.1 – South Island of New Zealand: Regional information", "Factors combined to intensify Chch quake", "New Zealand hit by strong quake, 65 dead", "Deadly quake could be sign of more to come", "Christchurch earthquake: Rockfall threat still strong, say experts", "Christchurch quake press conference Monday morning", "The Christchurch Feb 22nd Earthquake: A Personal Report", "New Zealand quake raises questions about L.A. buildings", "Second Christchurch fault much better behaved", "Christchurch earthquake: Wrecker's tip for leaning tower", "Christchurch earthquake: Radar points to rupturing of single fault", "Port Hills half a metre taller after Christchurch earthquake", "22 February 2011 – Christchurch badly damaged by magnitude 6.3 earthquake", "Christchurch earthquake: Deadly tremors rebounded on city", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Apr 16 2011 at 5:49 pm (NZST)", "Damage assessed after 'violent' 5.3 aftershock hits Christchurch", "New Zealand Earthquake Report – Jun 13 2011 at 1:01 pm (NZST)", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Technical", "Magnitude 6.0, Mon Jun 13 2011 2:20 PM: Details", "Workmen unscathed as Timeball Station collapses", "Canterbury Earthquake: Fire Service struggling to cope with rescue effort", "Canterbury Earthquake: Main roads to Christchurch open", "Christchurch quake: 'Dead bodies lying around, "New Zealand earthquake: 65 dead in Christchurch", "Christchurch quake: 'Buildings just piled on top of people, "How will we rebuild our shattered city? The most serious injuries were caused by falling masonry or as a result of the collapse of buildings. Positive effects, such as a greater sense of community connection, can aide in helping the community heal as a whole. It has an X rating on the Mercalli scale, signifying that it was an intense earthquake. NSW Task Force 1, a team of 72 urban search and rescue specialists from New South Wales, Australia was sent to Christchurch on two RAAF C-130J Hercules, arriving 12 hours after the quake. With the maximum intensity of MM 9, it caused around 183 deaths. This was the second major earthquake to hit the city; the previous quake occurred on 4 September 2010 and registered at a 7.1 magnitude. It was felt all over the South Island and in the lower part of the North Island. In April 2013, the rebuilding cost of Christchurch and the surrounding Canterbury region was estimated at $40 billion. Christchurch Earthquake 2011. Such was the case with the earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, on February 22, 2011. On 6 June, a large aftershock measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale occurred and was felt as far away as, A series of aftershocks occurred on 13 June. The earthquake generated a significant series of its own aftershocks. The earthquake’s epicentre was located some 25 miles (40 km) west of Christchurch near the town of Darfield, and the focus was located about 6 miles (10 km) beneath the surface. [28] The acceleration experienced in February 2011 would "totally flatten" most world cities, causing massive loss of life; in Christchurch, New Zealand's stringent building codes limited the disaster. Aftershocks were concentrated at the east end of the fault towards Christchurch as rock distorted by the original earthquake adjusted to new stresses. Wanaka Primary School alone had received 115 new enrolments as Christchurch families moved to their holiday homes in the town.[212]. Read more about the 2011 Christchurch earthquake on NZHistory. A September 2010 earthquake centered 40 kilometers (25 miles) west of Christchurch, in the plains near Darfield, struck at 4:35 a.m., had a magnitude of 7.1, and caused some structural damage and one death (by heart attack). [64] The building was thought to be irreparably damaged and have the potential to bring down other buildings if it fell; an area of a two-block radius around the hotel was thus evacuated. During the Canterbury earthquakes of September 2010 and February 2011, liquefaction caused silt and fine sand to boil up and bury streets and gardens and caused buildings and vehicles to sink. [252], In January 2013 Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee said repairs to damaged homes to date had totalled more than $1 billion. [231][232] The Canterbury Rugby League cancelled their pre-season competition. 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